WordPress is infamous for a website development platform. And security is an essential factor of every website. Most of the users have doubt on owning a less secure website with WordPress as it is the open-source CMS.
But, wait. It’s not exactly what you’re thinking about.
WordPress community always tries to find the way to keep your website secure.
No one can guarantee absolute security for the website. You need to keep yourself up-to-date with the security solutions. Yes, you have to perform good security practices with the basic security precautions which are important for the website.
Based on the research of Sucuri.net on website hacked report, in 2016, WordPress powers over 78% of all the websites. And it is the most infected CMS platform by malware. You can see the trends of a security breach over the periods on WordPress website here.
You may have questions like what can be the security issues that a website goes through?
- Content & SQL injection
Content injection occurs when a hacker gains full accessibility to your content and modify it without your permission.
SQL injection occurs when a hacker accesses your SQL database. He includes malicious links and spam websites on your website.
- Cross-site scripting (XSS)
- Brute force attack
Brute force attack is a trial and error method where hackers try a number of login attempts until success to access your account.
- Arbitrary file upload vulnerability
Arbitrary file upload vulnerability shows the path to the hackers to get the code of the system. File upload may give access of full system to access to the back-end. This vulnerability impacts on the server side or client side.
Eliminating all vulnerabilities of the website is a bit hard, but you can reduce it to some extent. Today, I’m going to outline the best tips to secure WordPress website from hackers.
Hope, you’ll find this article helpful.
Ensuring the secured Hosting Provider
Hosting provider stores your website. If you choose self-hosting WordPress platform, then it’s your duty to ensure the best-secured WordPress hosting provider for your site. You can find many hosting providers in the market with different hosting plans like shared hosting, VPS hosting, managed hosting and others.
Among them, shared hosting use shared server with many websites. So, it is risky to use shared hosting. However, some reputed hosting provider like a2hosting ( I Prefer), iPage, Bluehost and Hostgator are great for shared hosting. It provides high-security measures.
If you pick VPS hosting, then you’ll experience the private server for your website with high security. It is a good option if your website has good traffic.
For the non-geek user, managed hosting plan is very suitable. It pulls off your burden to deal with any technical issues, ascertain the most secure platform, optimizes the performance of a regular backup of your WordPress website. WPEngine is the most popular managed hosting provider.
Securing Login page
A repetitive login attempt is the most common trick for brute attacks. So, it’s better to take measures before hackers get into your website.
You can follow these steps for securing your login page.
- Set up limited login attempt
WordPress by default lets a number of login attempts. However, this can be controlled for the security purpose.
Limiting login attempt will automatically lock down the login page and you’ll be notified of an unauthorized attempt. This approach will work whenever hackers struggle to enter your back end for repetitive times but failed.
The major practice for website lockdown is to install and activate the security plugins like iThemes Security Plugin, Login LockDown Plugin.
- Change your username and login URL
For the WordPress user, it is normally a known stuff that WordPress use ‘admin’ as default username and yoursite/wp-admin or yoursite/wp-login.php as default login URL. This aids the hackers to access your site more easily. So, to prevent unauthorized access, you must change the username and login URL of your site.
To change default username, you can choose any option like:
- Use of Username Changer plugin.
Update Username from localhost (phpMyAdmin).
Creating a new username and deleting the old one.
To change the login URL:
- Change the default URL to something like ‘my_new_admin’.
- Use 2-factor authentication
2-factor authentication is the best approach to WordPress security. This method will ask 2 components for a successful login. These components can be username followed by security codes, security questions, email-based authentication or something else. You can find many WordPress plugins (like WP Google Authenticator, Google Authenticator – Two Factor Authentication) that help you with this measure.
- Choose a strong password
The password is a key for the security of the website. So, it’s obvious to have a strong password. Normally, people don’t give much care on their password and use simple word or number for quick recall. This may penalize them in a long term.
Before letting this happen, you can transform your simple password to strong. And the nature of strong password includes
- At least 15 characters long
The combination of character, symbol, and number
Regular updates of Themes and Plugins
Use of themes and plugins will certainly add a value to a WordPress site. And it’s compulsory subject to keep them updated in a regular manner. Every update came up with new and advanced security solution like new features, high compatibility, bug fixes, etc. Thus, keeping themes and plugins up-to-date is the best way for securing the WordPress website.
Use Antivirus Software on the system
We can say the use of antivirus software is a traditional approach to ensure the security of your system. And the fact is we cannot neglect it in modern days.
If your computer gets attacked by a virus or malware, then there is a chance of hacking your system and get your credentials efficiently. This is surely a thing that you never want, isn’t it? So, always keep in mind to use the virus free computer whenever accessing your WordPress website.
Perform Regular Backup
Nobody assures outage of the system. Hence, it’d be wise to perform a regular backup of the files. You can choose the most relevant options to backup your site. Manual backup includes Database backup, WordPress Site backup, Restoring the files. While Automatic backup includes the use of various plugins like UpdraftPlus, BackUpWordPress, BackWPup, etc.
Use SSL Certificate
SSL (Secure Socket Layer) is a security mean that ensures the secure transfer of data. It protects the connection by encrypting. This approach is the most important if you’re hosting eCommerce site.
Normally, every site has a unique SSL Certificate. You can get SSL Certificate either by purchasing from the companies or by contacting WordPress hosting provider like SiteGround (provides a free SSL Certificate for 1 year). Use of SSL Certificate also supports your ranking in the SERPs.
Hide your Private Information & Files
Another crucial approach for securing your WordPress website is to hide your files or information. This includes the following options.
- The foremost step is to hide your wp-config.php file from external access. Because this file is the heart of your site that includes private information about your site including the database.
To hide wp-config, you can add this code in the .htaccess file.
- WordPress Dashboard provides an easy way to customize themes. To protect unnecessary customization, you can disable the customization mode.
Just add this code in wp-config.php file.
- You can also hide the username. Adding the following code in function.php file will redirect the hackers to your home page instead of displaying username.
Securing your website doesn’t only save your data from hackers, but also helps you to build trust with your loyal customers. So, you have to maintain the security of your system.
Do you have a secured website? Which approach do you follow? Share your useful thought with us.